When plaque builds up in the gums and around the teeth, it can become infected and may lead to periodontal disease. The tissues most affected are bone tissues, surrounding ligaments, gums and also the calcified substance that covers the roots of teeth know as cementum. The first sign of periodontal disease only affects the gums and is known as gingivitis. Bleeding while flossing or brushing, painful, inflamed or tender gums are classic signs of gingivitis. Gingivitis left untreated will lead to a recession of the gums, unpleasant breath and the development of deep pits between gums and teeth which contain a thick, yellow pus.
Preventing Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is easily prevented by following a consistent and thorough oral hygiene routine. To prevent the build up of plaque on tooth surfaces and areas between the teeth, regular brushing of your teeth and tongue is vital. Flossing everyday will remove debris from between the teeth and swishing with a dentist approved mouthwash will get rid of any residual debris which brushing and flossing may have missed. The final step in an ideal oral hygiene routine is regular comprehensive cleanings with your dentist, this should be done every six months.
Other risk factors for periodontal disease include smoking, age, poor dietary choices and genetics. Luckily, if caught early, periodontal disease can be reversed. Make sure to ask us about performing a comprehensive periodontal examination at least once a year to check for any signs and start the reversal process as early as possible.
Combating gingivitis requires maintaining the best oral hygiene practices as outlined above. You can also boost your immune system by eating a healthy diet rich in seafood, lean meats, vegetables, fruits and whole grains, which in turn will help slow down the development of periodontal disease.
Treating Advanced Periodontal Disease
Many treatment options now exist for advanced periodontal disease thanks to recent advances in technology. However, these options can be limited depending on the individual and how much damage has been endured by the tissues. If you have any questions please contact us today.
We would be delighted to answer any questions you may have. Contact our friendly team today to find out more about how we can help you.